19th Ave New York, NY 95822, USA

The Pitti Palace was commissioned by Florentine banker Luca Pitti, probably to a design by Filippo Brunelleschi, but with all its additions and extensions it took fully four centuries to complete. It has served as a residence and palace for three dynasties – the Medici, the House of Habsburg-Lorraine and, latterly, the Royal House of Savoy, the kings of Italy – but it was not until the modern era that it was chosen to host four prestigious museums: the Palatine Gallery and Royal Apartments, the Treasury of the Grand Dukes, the Modern Art Gallery, and the Fashion and Costume Museum. The Palatine Gallery’s magnificently frescoed rooms are home to the Medici family’s collection of paintings, with such famous masterpieces as Raphael’s Madonna della Seggiola and La Velata, or Titian’s Portrait of a Lady (La Bella). The Treasury of the Grand Dukes boast a sophisticated collection of decorative arts displayed in beautifully frescoed rooms which once housed the Medici family’s summer quarters, while the Gallery of Modern Art has an important collection of work by the Macchiaioli school of painters.